Vegetable production

Vegetable production in Latin America

This high intake is related to the low obesity rate and good health that Latin Americans tend to have. Vegetables play an important role in the diet of Latin Americans and are rich in vitamins, minerals, fiber and antioxidants. Their regular intake can help prevent chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer and eye disease. Numerous studies have shown that a diet rich in vegetables contributes to general well-being, weight control, better bone health, reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and some types of cancer. This last statement has been supported by recent studies that have shown a link between vegetable intake and a lower risk of colon and lung cancer, as well as better performance in the general health test. In addition to health benefits, vegetable consumption in Latin America also means increased employment and income, primarily for rural communities.

Farmers are more likely to employ local labor and generate higher profits for local families. Vegetable production also brings enormous added value to the environment, because the soil therapy is done with sustainable techniques, composed of organic fertilizers, in addition to the contribution to human happiness that this brings. These benefits are especially important in Latin America, where a large number of vulnerable people live, generally with low incomes and high risk of poor nutrition, which implies a socioeconomic inequality that if contained can improve these nutritional deficiencies. In addition, the increase in vegetarian consumption also contributes to the reduction of greenhouse gases that in recent decades have begun to affect Latin American countries.

The soil must be adequately conditioned to provide a favorable environment for the growth of vegetables.

The most important vegetables consumed in Latin America

Each Latin American country has its own culinary culture, which generally has some rich elements in common. One of the main components associated with Latin cuisine is vegetables. Latin Americans consume a wide range of vegetables, from fruits and vegetables typical of the region to roots and other more exotic foods. Here are some of the main vegetables consumed in Latin America.

Potatoes: Potatoes are one of the most common vegetables in Latin America. They can be eaten in all forms, from boiled to fried; there are even many different species of edible potatoes found in the region. Potatoes often accompany many typical Latin dishes, such as the famous Peruvian ceviche.

Corn: Corn is another of the main foods consumed in Latin America. White and yellow corn is a staple food in many countries of the region.

It can be eaten cooked or fried, and is also used in the production of foods such as tortillas and tamales.

Beans: Another widely used vegetable in Latin America is beans. Latin Americans eat all types of beans, from traditional red beans to black beans. These vegetables are common in the daily diet of most countries in the region, where they are eaten cooked with different types of rice, and also with meats and other foods.

Vegetables: A large number of vegetables are consumed daily in Latin America. From the classic tomatoes, onions, garlic, chili peppers, bell peppers, eggplants or peppers, to some from abroad such as gazpacho or coleslaw, these vegetables are usually perfect accompaniments to most main dishes.

Roots: Many root foods are also part of the Latin American diet. Among the most common are yucca, malanga and sweet potato. These roots often serve as an accompaniment to meat, fish or poultry, or can be eaten cooked or roasted.

The value of growing high quality vegetable

The production of high quality food is essential for the health of the world’s population. Food consumption provides essential nutrients that not only keep human life healthy, but also provide an optimal quality of life. Among the different foods available, vegetables play a fundamental role in the diet. They provide a significant amount of the nutrients the body needs to function properly. High-quality production must be geared towards obtaining nutrient-rich foods. This requires an efficient and modern farming process to ensure that all food produced is healthy and nutritious. The use of modern techniques such as farmer control chemical lotion, drip irrigation systems, foliar fertilization, biological control and the use of organic farming techniques can greatly improve the nutritional content of the food produced. This not only helps the population to consume healthy products, but also improves the quality of the soil.

Planting depths and distances vary according to the type of vegetable.

On the other hand, production must be supported by proper marketing. This includes the use of modern packaging, detailed labeling, adequate distribution in marketing channels, an efficient cold chain to preserve the shelf life of the products and the promotion of product marketing campaigns. All this will improve the visibility of the products, contributing to the long-term success and sustainability of the agricultural enterprise.

The production of high quality food will emerge as a response to the food needs of the world’s population. The concern of governmental organizations, the private sector and food producers to improve the quality and quantity of food produced without affecting the environment will result in more efficient and productive agriculture. This will narrow the food gap and help improve global food security. Growing high quality vegetables is a necessary initiative to improve the health of the world’s population. Incorporating modern farming practices throughout the production chain will lead to healthier and more nutritious products, along with efficient marketing.

Caring for a vegetable support netting

Vegetable support netting can offer a stable supply of production, there are some care that must be taken into account in order to maintain its productivity. The following are some of the care that should be taken with respect to vegetable support netting:

1. It must be positioned correctly to ensure a good head. If the netting is positioned correctly, problems such as soil imbalance, shading of vegetables and poor drainage can be avoided. To ensure proper installation, the netting should be placed on a level surface.

2. It requires careful selection and unpacking. Prior to installation, it is necessary to check the environment to evaluate the temperature, soil and humidity of the site. The size of the netting must also be determined to ensure that it can accommodate the plants.

3. During installation of the netting, the ends should be properly secured to prevent slippage. Rope, cloth or other material should be used to hold the mesh tightly in place.

support netting

4. Once in place, it is necessary to check for signs of deterioration or damage, such as tears or rips, caused by the weight of the vegetables. If any damage is detected, the netting should be replaced immediately.

5. It is important to ensure that the vegetable support netting is always clean. Dust and soil deposits and accumulations should be removed routinely to avoid root disease.

6. Another important consideration is to ensure good drainage for the roots. To avoid suffocation of the plants, it must be ensured that their roots receive good drainage. This can be achieved by installing drainage under the mesh.

7. It is advisable to keep the mesh away from direct sunlight to avoid drying out. The screen should be installed in a partially shaded location to limit direct sun exposure.

How to maintain a healthy crop

To ensure a stable and healthy crop, it is necessary to pay special attention to the vegetable support netting. Proper harvesting and cleaning of the netting is essential to maintain its durability, stability and quality. By applying this care, growers will be able to enjoy healthy and productive plantations. It is important that vegetable support netting be maintained regularly to ensure that it looks good and is weather resistant. Maintenance begins with proper installation of the netting so that it is stable and strong. The right place to install the netting is a well-drained area with good sunlight but no frost. Once installed, the mesh can be secured with plastic strips to prevent it from moving in the wind. Once installed, also make sure that the vegetable support netting is cleaned regularly.

vegetable support netting

This means removing any dirt, branches and weeds that may accumulate on it. A suitable cleaning brush (wire and plastic) and soapy water to remove dirt and debris is important for this. It is also important to remove vines and fungi that may accumulate on it. An important aspect to consider in order to preserve the mesh is to keep it free of fungi, pests and infections. This will obviously require certain pesticides or fungicides to prevent the plant from being affected. For this, the type of pesticide or fungicide will have to be changed according to the various crops to be supported, to ensure that it does not produce a negative effect. In addition, it is recommended to give an anti-aging treatment to the netting once a year, to keep your netting elastic, supportable and durable.

The application of netting for support in modern farming

On the other hand, the trellising of plants with netting is an excellent alternative to solve the existence of structural problems that the crops present, such as those related to structural stability in its initial phase. This happens because the mesh, given its great flexibility, allows adapting to the stems of the plants while they grow, thus maintaining a natural and consistent way of receiving the raw materials, helping to support netting the plant. In addition, the trellising netting helps to regulate the temperature around the growing plants, protecting them from excessive temperatures. This forces the air to enter more slowly, so that the temperature does not reach levels that are harmful to the plants.

In addition, the trellising netting is a tool made of metal or other material that is highly resistant to atmospheric agents and has an etherealized durability, so it does not change in shape or resistance, unlike other materials. Finally, it has an extremely important characteristic for those who work in and with agriculture, the ease of installation and uninstallation without damaging the soil. This means a saving in the amount of movement required for its generation, which is why it is an increasingly common and recommended practice. It is evident that the mesh for trellising presents an infinity of benefits for contemporary agriculture, allowing the support and good development of crops avoiding the passage of harmful external factors, in addition to the protection against diseases due to the escalation of pathogens, the regulation of temperature and an ease of assembly and disassembly without leaving damage.

support netting

The fundamental operation of a trellising mesh

These support networks are essential for the correct development of crops. In addition, they contribute significantly to the production of better quality products and crops. A crop support net helps to support crops such as fruits, vegetables or greens by strengthening the support of each individual plant. This technique is essential because it contributes to the stability of the trees or crops in general, so that winds or storms do not cause the stems or fruits to fall, which are the two main causes of production loss. The netting of stakes at harvest also helps to reduce the use of pesticides, keeping the fruit at the right height, at the right level. In addition, the netting supports the fruit, minimizing physical damage during fruit picking. This feature results in a better quality crop.

Crop guarding nets can also be used in crop protection against predators. This allows to keep away animals, insects or birds that have a habit of eating the fruits. The adequacy and placement of the netting at harvest contributes to the reduction of damage, as well as to the increase of the shelf life of the fruit. However, the harvest netting also contributes to better crop development and growth, which is essential to obtain higher yields and, in general, better quality harvests. This support netting prevents fruit from falling or being affected by wind or rain, which can be a cause of crop losses. On the other hand, the netting for tutoring at harvest also contributes to improve the appearance of the fruits, since it avoids deformity of the fruits.

netting for support

What is the damage to a crop without trellising support netting?

The lack of vegetation support netting can be extremely costly to food producers, as there is not only a significant loss of production and a decrease in profitability, but also numerous other damages that occur if the soil is not adequately supported. The practice of farming without vegetation support can wipe out crops in a very short period of time. Erosion should be mentioned initially. Without a vegetation support net, the soil can quickly redeposit and in areas where there are strong winds, this can be even more problematic. If there is no vegetation netting, the soil can also choke the root of crops, making it difficult for crops to grow. This can also lead to reduced yields, which ends up affecting the profitability of food production. Another danger from unsupported fields for vegetation is the damage caused by the impact of rain.

Rainfall impacts the unsupported soil soil hard, which causes a decrease in soil quality and also affects crops at the same time. This decrease in soil quality can also result in a lack of nutrition and a decrease in crop yields. Poor planting can also lead to more difficulties in coping with weather-related problems, as the amount of water that penetrates the crops cannot be controlled. This, of course, can prove to be very costly in the long run for farmers. The implementation of the support netting should be done as quickly as possible, as this important step in agriculture can also reduce the impact of drought and the threat of flooding, as the retained water can be used to irrigate crops. There are also potential risks to the workers involved in cultivation.

raffia crop

Why is it more convenient to use a protective netting than raffia in vegetable cultivation?

It has long been used for industrial purposes and more recently, raffia has been found to have many applications in agriculture. It can be found in the form of trees, ropes, nets, tarpaulins, etc. These forms can be used to do various things for farmers. For example, it is used to protect crops from strong wind and sudden temperature changes that can cause dust scattering or damaged crops. It is also used to connect all the plants together to form a type of shade screen, which prevents the soil from drying out. In addition, raffia is also used as a support for fruit climbing and to retain soil and compost. It is used to sign abandoned trees and crops to prevent the invasion of pests that could damage your crops. This is known as “taping” and is only used in specific areas where the crop increases considerably.

The use of raffia in agriculture has been shown to improve yields substantially. It helps increase food production by preventing damage caused by climatic factors and reducing the use of pesticides. The abundance and versatility of this natural substance has made it popular with farmers looking for a way to safely and practically address many of the weather threats they face. Raffia is also used as fuel for agricultural machinery, particularly for land preparation. In addition, lot marking and circulation centers can also be effectively created with the help of raffia. As a fuel, raffia is much cleaner and more efficient than other fossil fuels such as petroleum. The use of raffia in agriculture has many benefits. It is made from a natural material, is very strong and can even be reused, which means it provides a safe and economical means of improving food production.

raffia crop

Comparisons of raffia and trellising mesh

Mesh and raffia are popular materials with a wide number of uses, especially for vegetable trellising projects. Such materials allow vegetables to be kept separate and secure while being shaped. This reduces the risk of entanglement and provides support for crops to grow upright. Netting and raffia are made from natural or synthetic fibers and are available in a variety of widths or rings. This maximizes the degree of freedom of movement for orchard and garden personnel when implementing projects. Although netting and raffia have many similarities, there are also notable differences. Netting uses fine, strong yarns that weave into each other. This gives the mesh a very strong appearance that molds to the contour of any plant. This makes it an ideal material for projects that require a lot of flexibility and a strong structure.

The mesh is also weather resistant, making it ideal for outdoor projects. In contrast, raffia is made from softer vegetable or synthetic fibers. This means it is more flexible and waterproof. The material does not feel stiff to the touch like mesh does. Raffia also has a more natural look, making it an excellent choice for those who are working on projects with a natural or organic aesthetic. Raffia is also much less expensive than mesh, making it an attractive option for those with tighter budgets. However, there are some limitations associated with raffia. The material is not as strong as mesh, so it can break relatively easily. This means that it is not good for tutoring projects to help projects where high levels of strength are required.

And why is trellising netting better?

Trellising netting is an excellent alternative for growing vegetables if you want to obtain a quality crop. Trellising netting is a strong wire twine netting formed into a hexagonal tear-resistant mesh, designed to keep the cultivated plant supported and away from enemies. This netting is easy to install and contributes positively to disease and pest prevention. Some advantages of guardian netting include: First, tutor netting offers growers a structured way to support and position their crops in the best possible way. Not only does tutorship netting help crops grow in the desired general direction, but it also limits any abrupt changes that could adversely affect crops. This contributes to greater control of production, thus improving it. In addition to that, the trellising allows growers to better control the amount of sunlight the crops receive, which is essential for a healthy and splendid harvest.

raffia crop

The trellising netting also offers several advantages over the use of raffia as a crop support. Farmers often choose to use tutora netting instead of raffia because of its strength and durability, as it is much more durable and tear-resistant. Moreover, tutor netting is much lighter than raffia, which means it does not add to the overall weight of the crops grown on it. Trellising netting is also much easier to clean, as it can be rinsed with water and there is no possibility of it rolling up, as is the case with raffia. In addition to strength and durability, trellising netting also offers a much higher level of ventilation than raffia. This means that trellising netting allows air circulation and sweating around the crop, which is beneficial to the crop.

Providing Protection to Crops by Using Vegetable Support Net

Benefits of Using Vegetable Support Net

Growing vegetable requires patience, support and knowledge. Even if you are growing vegetable for commercial or personal use, the important thing is that you know what to do. There are different ways of planting and growing plants. Different vegetables require different means of planting, managing, growing and harvesting processes. Some vegetables have climbing vines, while others grow out and spread on the ground. There are also some that can be trained to go up into trellises or vegetable support net systems. 

Support mesh placed in vegetable field
It must be taken into account that not all plants are planted or cultivated in the same way.

When Do You Need Vegetable Support Net

If you want to grow vegetable but you do not have enough ground space, using vegetable support net is the best solution. Some vegetables that can be trained for trellising include; tomatoes, cucumbers, peas, pumpkins, squash, gourds and pole beans. 

With the right netting and durable plant stakes, you can effectively provide support and protection for your vegetable plants through vertical gardening. 

Crop field with plant stakes
The vegetables that can be trellised with the trellis mesh are cucumbers, pumpkins, peas and tomatoes.

Why Do You Need Vegetable Netting Support

Your vegetables need protection that is one of the main reasons why you need to build a protective support system. Vegetable support net allows you to provide the right amount of protection for your vegetables without depriving them of their natural needs like sunlight and regular air flow. 

Use of support net is also considered as the best way of training and tutoring your crops. A simple trellis netting made of plastic mesh can be used to keep vegetable crops upright, which prevents them from getting in contact with the ground soil. Additionally, this system decreases the possibility of your field getting attack by pests and diseases. 

Vegetable netting support
The support network for vegetables is a good option because it provides sufficient protection to your crop avoiding contact with the ground.

Vertical gardening with the use of vegetable support net is an excellent method for effectively reducing plant stress. Every time you or anyone who works for you tutors the crop through traditional raffia, the leaves of the plants are getting reoriented to find the best solar resources. That causes stress. Your crops need to be free. They need to have freedom to grow and not be disturbed. It is their job to produce vegetable crops and it is your job to make sure that they do not get stressed doing their job. Plants that are not disturbed regularly produce more crop yields. That is because they can concentrate on growing instead of rearranging their leaves to get the best solar resources.

Additionally, row spacing is also put at better use if there is an effective and durable vegetable support net system in place. 

Trellis netting installed in a crop field
One of the most commonly used methods to reduce plant stress is the vertical gardening method.

Benefits of Vertical Gardening

If you are using trellises or plant stakes, you are not just providing much needed support for your vegetable crops, you are also supporting them to avoid diseases, keep the vegetable clean, make harvesting easier, make spray with fertilizer hassle-free and make monitoring better.

With the vegetables hanging or climbing up, they are less exposed to ground pests. They are also efficiently protected from rotting because they have less or no contact to the ground soil. In some cases, being above the ground also frees the plants from potential drowning due to over watering.

vegetable support net
The advantages of the method of vertical gardening are that the plants are hanging and are safe from pests and that they rot by direct contact with the floor.

Learn More About Different Planting, Tutoring and Growing Methods

As mentioned above, there are different ways to plant, tutor and grow your vegetables. You can use stakes, trellis/vegetable support net or you can go for the SCROG method. 


Using stakes allows for simple support for your vegetable plants. Stakes get stuck to the ground for each plant. You then tie your plant up as it grows. To gain enough stability, it is recommended to use stakes that are six to eight feet tall. Your stakes can be made of plastic, wood or bamboo. Some people even use pipes or other materials that can be recycled and reused.

If you are going to use stakes, you have to do it while the plant is quite young because you would not want to hurt the roots – you will have to drive your stake on the side of the plant. Tying the main stem of the plant loosely to the stake is the best way to go. Use soft ties so as not to cause injury to the stem. Pantyhose strips (about eight inches each) are ideal. Depending on the size of your vegetable, you should set the stakes at two to four feet apart. 

The best thing about using stakes to tutor your vegetables is that they can be easily taken up after the season.

Bamboo Stakes
Stakes are another of the methods most used to support crops, because it provides adequate support and stability.


Using trellis support gives you the chance to protect and manage your plants properly. As the vegetables grow up, you prevent them from potential rotting and getting attacked by pests and other animals. Vegetable support net systems are preferred by most farmers because they allow vegetable and fruit farming even in small spaces.

Trellis netting
The advantage of using the lattice support network is that the vegetables grow do not rot and are not attacked by pests because they are far from the ground.


SCROGing, on the other hand, is used typically with one plant and it is employed together with other modern vegetable training methods. SCROG stands for Screen of Green and it allows the plant to produce increased yields even in limited ground space.

This technique utilizes a screen that has multiple openings and is usually suspended effectively between the lighting source and the planting medium. The tips of the plant rise up to this screen so that they can be trained/tutored to grow horizontally with the use of LST at the planar surface of the screen during the plant’s vegetative cycle.  This vegetable support technique results in nice and flat surface of vegetable growth with several bud sites comparatively in similar distance away from light source. As soon as the inferior surface of the screen is filled with plant vegetation, the lighting gets switched to 12/12. Flowers then can grow vertically – and beautifully – through the openings screen and rising at equal distance and around the same rate from the source of light. 

SCROG mesh
The SCROG mesh is a good idea because it helps the plant to perform better even in spaces that are limited.

Some vegetables that benefit well from SCROGing include; tamarillo plants, cherry tomatoes. Roma tomatoes and Serrano pepper. The best thing about this method is that it lets you produce high quality crops and that means better financial rewards during the harvest season. For personal farmers increased yield even in small space is enough to make them satisfied and happy that they thought of using this method.